top of page
Test Tubes

Urine Test

A urine test, also known as a urinalysis, is a common medical test that involves the analysis of a person's urine to assess their health, diagnose medical conditions, monitor existing conditions, or screen for the presence of specific substances. Urinalysis provides valuable information about the composition and characteristics of urine, which can offer insights into various aspects of a person's well-being.

Types of Urine Test

1 / Urinalysis (UA)

Urinalysis is a broad term that encompasses various tests to evaluate the physical, chemical, and microscopic characteristics of urine. A typical urinalysis includes assessments of color, clarity, pH, specific gravity, and the presence of substances like glucose, protein, ketones, bilirubin, urobilinogen, nitrites, and blood cells. It helps in the diagnosis of various conditions, including urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney diseases, diabetes, and liver disorders.

2 / Urine Culture

A urine culture is performed to identify and isolate the specific bacteria causing a urinary tract infection (UTI). This test helps healthcare providers select the appropriate antibiotic for treatment.

3 / Urine Microscopy

This test involves the microscopic examination of a urine sample to detect and quantify the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, epithelial cells, crystals, and other solid elements present in the urine. It aids in the diagnosis of kidney stones, UTIs, and other urinary tract conditions.

4 / 24-Hour Urine Collection

In this test, a patient collects all urine produced over a 24-hour period. It is often used to measure the excretion of certain substances, such as creatinine, to assess kidney function, or to quantify the elimination of specific molecules, like protein or hormones.

5 / Urine Protein Test

A urine protein test measures the level of protein in the urine. Elevated protein levels may indicate kidney damage or other kidney-related disorders.

6 / Urine Creatinine Test

Creatinine is a waste product generated by muscle metabolism. A urine creatinine test measures the amount of creatinine excreted in the urine and helps assess kidney function.

7 / Urinary Albumin-to-Creatinine Ratio (UACR) 

This test measures the ratio of albumin (a type of protein) to creatinine in the urine. It is used to detect early signs of kidney damage in individuals with diabetes or hypertension.

8 / Urinary pH Test 

This test measures the acidity or alkalinity of urine. Abnormal pH levels can indicate conditions like kidney stones or metabolic disorders.

9 / Drug Screening

Urine drug tests are used to screen for the presence of drugs or their metabolites in the urine. They are commonly used for workplace drug testing, sports doping control, and in legal situations.

10 / Pregnancy Test

A pregnancy test detects the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), a hormone produced during pregnancy, in the urine to determine if a person is pregnant.

11 / Toxicology Screen

This test is used to detect the presence of specific toxins or substances in the urine. It is often employed in cases of suspected poisoning or overdose.

12 / Urine Cytology

Urine cytology involves examining urine samples under a microscope to identify abnormal cells, which may be indicative of urinary tract cancers.

bottom of page